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 On the Ancient Greek University in Alexandria
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Polydoros Polydoropoulos
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Australia
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Απεστάλη: 08/06/2004, 11:52:34  Εμφάνιση Προφίλ  Επισκεφθείτε την Προσωπική Σελίδα του Μέλους Polydoros Polydoropoulos  Απάντηση με Παραπομπή (Quote)
quote:

Αγαπητέ αναγνώστη του forum. Επέτρεψέ μου να κάνω σχόλεια στην αγγλική μια κι έλαβα το παρακάτω άρθρο σε εκείνη την γλώσσα.

Dear friend,
I forward to you the below article along with the following comments.

The ancient Greek University (it cannot be called Greco-Roman since it is obscene even to imagine that the Roman legionnaires built or established or even cared about Universities) unearthed in Alexandria was not the only Uni in that great city. There certainly were some more Universities than just one. Also, Alexandria was not the only city in the ancient Greek world that had had Universities with thousands of students each. Evidently, civilization at that time was pretty high but we are not allowed to know much about it. We are not even allowed to know that the cherished by all western rulers Judaeo-Christians methodically and inexorably destroyed most of the evidence of civilization that existed (there is only one civilization and many cultures). This “mission” was meticulously carried out along with repeated extensive genocides of the Greek nation then spread across Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. This was a kind of Cultural Revolution that lasted for about a thousand years. The result was catastrophic for all humanity. It brought the Dark Ages that blanketed the world.

The article below claims, “The fates of the library and university are largely unknown. Parts of both might have been destroyed in Julius Caesar's war against Pompey. They might even have been levelled when the Arabs took over the city in 641, their locations lost to posterity.” This is highly inaccurate. The Julius Caesar’s troops did not destroy methodically the library and university in 30 BC. They did some damage but it was very superficial and totally fixed a few years later. It was the Judeo-Christians who brought the catastrophe for both institutions along with an extensive genocide against the Greeks of Alexandria that lasted nearly three hundred years (300-600 AD) with one short break when Emperor Julian the Apostate was in power. During all of this time, the library books were used as bonfires in the public steam baths and home fireplaces and as wrap paper in the market. The Roman authorities protected Judeo-Christians all the way. When the Arabs took over the city in 641, they found no civilization institutions to destroy. There were no original Greeks left either; only some Christians, in their vast majority 99% illiterate, who recited prayers in Greek by heart. This is the “largely unknown History of the Alexandria city”.

The above Christian Byzantine icon is scanned from the Greek monthly research magazine “Davlos”(March 2004) No: 267. It shows St Nicolaus – yes, the beloved and legendary Santa Claus – and his henchmen destroying Greek “effeminate” statues. (It is amazing how a Myth twists History when in wrong hands) This icon is proudly exhibited in the Monastery of Esphigmenos in Agion Oros. To a large extent, the Old Testament is full of hatred and persecutions against Greeks and the New Testament follows suit but to a lesser degree.

Moreover, once a year on the “Sunday of Orthodoxy” all Greeks along with their intellectual, artistic etc achievements are cursed by their clergy men cast out with seven different spells right from the sanctuaries of their churches all over Greece. Each spell has a tris-anathema (three times anathema). (The numbers seven and three have a great numerological significance in the Jewish religion. If multiplied 3x7=21 we have the most potent number for a birthday). Politicians and state officials are always present for this important occasion, yet apart from some individuals who expose this weird liturgy in the press nobody else complains about it. So once every year the Greeks go to the church to receive their …cursing. Moreover, this becomes even weirder since most church goers justify it as a 1216 years old Church tradition (since the seventh Holy Ecumenical Synod of Nikea in 787 AD) that is addressed to their forefathers and their deeds only and that it cannot be changed. Yet, these regular and unstoppable ancient curses are directed right into the psyche of the ordinary Greek. They imply that for a Greek, in order to be a good Christian, has to “break faith with his/her predecessors and forget all about achieving anything great”.

Can you imagine a whole nation having to annually put up with ritual curses cast out by its own Church for 1216 years only because it’s genetics and abilities are hated by the Judeo-Christian ideologues? It is not absurd to claim that this religion drives Greeks crazy. It is a wander that Greeks survived so long with this identity crisis. For 2000 years, all of their energy was utilised in finding ways to save their DNA and their Language. In the meantime, other nations and races disappeared. However, the Hellenic creativity for civilisation is kept in thrall by an identity crisis, which constitutes a Gordian knot that needs to be cut for humanity’s benefit. Especially from now on that we are herded down to the path for the longest, bloodiest and dirtiest ever World War where barbarians will rule more and more, humanity urgently and desperately needs some capable warriors to lead it to civilisation.

Today to become a warrior for civilization you need to be able to function outside all Talmudic religions (Christian and Muslim alike) and thoroughly understand them because you have an education/philosophy of far greater value than theirs combined. To be such a warrior you need to have spontaneous, imaginative, creative and graceful manners. You are a warrior when your Arts, Humanities, Science, Technology and Military Arts etc originate strait from your heart and when you are not a copy-cat of others (a favoured barbaric behavior). Then you discover you are a scary boogieman for the enemies of civilization. For this is how fearfully they recognise its warriors. In this transformation, you finally are paid off for at least a 2000 years old persecution and also you completely under-stand the cause of it. Oh boy, are you scary!

Time has proved that civilization is indispensable for humanity and irreplaceable by Talmudic religions and their attached little cultures.

For approximately the last 20-25 years there has been a rocketed publishing of books and fierce discussions on TV and Radio programmes of Greece on Greek Identity issues. There has been lots of development in this matter. Greeks are increasingly becoming knowledgeable about what repeatedly singles them out and why. Hellenism is taking over the minds and hearts of many people. Some build their future around this idea. This happens in spite of, or also because of the stern opposition, it faces from the Government, the Church and the Academia.

After some explosive-terrible events during the coming Olympic Games in Athens, Greeks will become burgeoning active in establishing a valid identity. This activity will spark off a world movement for civilization that will swamp the planet. Its success is assured by the very nature of Necessity. Then humanity’s cry for a break through shall be fulfilled.

Kind regards
Polydoros

Facing History
One is the enemy, the others 're just shadows. He exists only to
break into, grow fat, and circulate deep in your blood.
Warriors!! To combat War
wet your swords in your own bodies.
Kostes Palamas – Greek Poet. (Translated by Polydoros)

Μπρος στην Ιστορία
Ένας ο εχθρός, τ΄άλλα ίσκιοι – μοναχός υπάρχει,
καταλεί, θρέφει, ρέει στο αίμα σας βαθιά.
Τον πόλεμο για να χτυπήσετε, πολέμαρχοι,
στα ίδια τα κορμιά σας ακονίστε τα σπαθιά σας.
Κωστής Παλαμάς – «Μπρος στην Ιστορία»


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

SUNDAY May 09, 2004

Archaeologists discover alma mater of Archimedes


By Thomas Maugh II
Los Angeles Times

A Polish-Egyptian team has unearthed the site of the fabled University of Alexandria, home of Archimedes, Euclid and a host of other scholars from the era when Alexandria dominated the Mediterranean.
The team has found 13 lecture halls, or auditoriums, that could have accommodated as many as 5,000 students, according to archeologist Zahi Hawass, President of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities.
The classrooms are on the eastern edge of a large public square in the the Late Antique section of modern Alexandria and are adjacent to a previously discovered theater that is now believed to be part of the university complex, Hawass said.
All 13 of the auditoriums have similar dimensions and internal arrangements, he added. They feature rows of stepped benches running along the walls on three sides of the rooms, sometimes forming a joined "U" at one end.
The most conspicuous feature of the rooms, he added, is an elevated seat placed in the middle of the "U," most likely designed for the lecturer.
"It is the first time ever that such a complex of lecture halls has been uncovered on any Greco-Roman site in the whole Mediterranean area," Hawass said. This is "perhaps the oldest university in the world."
The discovery is "incredibly impressive," said Willeke Wendrich, an archaeologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. "We knew it existed and was an extremely famous centre for learning, but we knew it only from textual accounts. . . . We never knew the site."
Alexandria was a tiny fishing village on the north-western delta of the Nile called Rhakotis when Alexander the Great of Macedon chose it as the site of the new capital of his burgeoning empire. But he never saw a single building rise there, dying before construction could begin.
The task of building the city fell to one of his lieutenants, Ptolemy, who succeeded Alexander as the king of Egypt and aspired to ruling the entire Mediterranean. He commissioned the Greek architect Dinocrates to lay out a cultural and aesthetic showplace that would be the envy of not only other Macedonian factions, but of the rest of the world.
The new city became Egypt's capital in 320 B.C. and soon became the most powerful and influential city in the region. Its rulers built a massive lighthouse at Pharos (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World), the Library of Alexandria, which was said to contain every book that had been written, and the university, which served as a teaching centre for scholars from throughout the world.
It was here that Archimedes invented the screw-shaped fluid pump still in use today, that Euclid invented the rules of geometry, that Hypsicles first divided the circle of the zodiac into 360 degrees, and the astronomer Eratosthenes calculated the diameter of Earth.

The rule of the Ptolemies lasted until 30, when Cleopatra killed herself to avoid capture by the Romans.
The fates of the library and university are largely unknown. Parts of both might have been destroyed in Julius Caesar's war against Pompey. They might even have been levelled when the Arabs took over the city in 641, their locations lost to posterity.
About 30 years ago, archaeologists unearthed what appeared to be a theater along the public square. This building has been restored and is used for theatrical presentations.
In the early 1980s, a couple of what are now thought to be the classrooms were excavated.
But it's only now that all of the 13 auditoriums have been dug up that, "We have been able to reach the conclusion that this entire complex represents remains of the academic institution for which Alexandria was renowned," Hawass said. The discovery of the classrooms also throws light on the presumed theatre, he added. "Apparently, it was part of the very same complex, serving the needs of larger groups of students."

"To reign over your self is more royal than conquering enemies" - Megas Amexandros

Edited by - Polydoros Polydoropoulos on 08/06/2004 12:00:47

   
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